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Wind Energy Use

Position paper of the BUND Rheinland-Pfalz: decided at the 2002 State Assembly in Koblenz

The use of wind energy is similar to other renewable energy sources, in that, it is particularly useful when the total consumption decreases parallel to an increase in production. The savings are shown in numerous studies to be substantial (50%).

The use of wind power is making a remarkable contribution to carbon dioxide reduction and thus hinder global climate change. There are practically no residual waste materials associated with the operation of wind turbines.

For the promotion of significant renewable energies, there are no reasonable alternatives.

The BUND Rheinland-Pfalz considers the production of wind energy through the use of wind turbines to be comparatively positive.

  • The ecosystem and landscape should be a little affected as possible
  • Suitable areas should be shown in regional land-use plans to achieve an orderly, controllable expansion of wind energy
  • On-site examination should always be completed, since, due to their exposed position, wind parks can interfere with the Landscape Act.
  • Disturbances through the use of wind energy can not be avoided completely, but can be reduced to an acceptable level with consistent application of new technologies and legal policies.
  • Wind energy offers, especially in underdeveloped regions, the opportunity to strengthen the economy, create jobs and provide useful exports.

We distinguish three area categories for wind turbine placement:

  1. Exclusion areas – here no wind turbines may be constructed
  2. Restriction areas – wind turbines are permitted only under certain conditions
  3. Favored areas – these are the areas most suitable for wind turbines

Excluded Areas:
Included in the Rheinland-Pfalz State Protection Law “Designated Protected Areas” (except restriction zones) and under §24 LPflG and the “Habitats Directive 92/43 EEC”, wind parks must maintain 500m distance from any settlements.

1. Restriction Areas:

  • Forests
  • National Parks
  • Protected Landscapes
  • Floodplains
  • Health/ Recreational areas
  • Wildlife Habitats
  • Protected bird corridors/ protected areas for birds under the EU Birds Directive
  • Culturally/ Historically important areas

2. Favored Areas:

  • Promising wind sites have at least an average annual wind speed of 3.5 m/s to 10 m/s at 50 m height
  • Easy allocation of technical equipment
  • Position on agricultural, commercial or industrial land
  • Groupings preferred
  • More turbines and fewer sites. At least 600 kW to 1MW per installation
  • Paint color to match surroundings

Produced by the Energy Working Group, BUND Rheinland-Pfalz

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